Know further psychiatry medicine

Psychiatry is a branch of medical science that studies more about diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders. A doctor who explores or has undergone education in specialization in the field of psychiatry is known as a psychiatrist.

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To become a psychiatrist, someone must take medical school first. After that, the doctor needs to undergo a four-year training and education period that specifically studied the psychiatry field. After completing the education period of a specialist in the field of psychiatry, later doctors will hold a mental or psychiatrist health specialist.

As a psychiatrist, a psychiatrist is competent in all things related to diagnosis and care for patients with mental health problems, such as depression, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia.

The psychiatrist will be responsible for determining the handling steps that will be carried out in people who experience mental disorders. Psychiatrists are competent to provide treatment and evaluate the condition of patients with psychiatric problems in terms of medical. That is what distinguishes between psychiatrists and other mental health workers, such as psychologists.

Psychiatry subspecialization field

After completing the training period, the psychiatrist can continue training or special education to get subspecialization in the psychiatric field. Subspecialization in psychiatry, among others:

Psychiatry child and teenager

Psychiatry subspecialization specifically handles mental disorders in children and adolescent groups. Children's psychiatric conditions need psychiatric handlings, such as the problem of growth and development, children with ADHD, autism spectrum disorders, eating disorders, mood disorders, and schizophrenia.

Elderly Psychiatry (Geriatric Psychiatry)

This field of psychiatry focuses on the treatment of mental and emotional disorders that occur in the elderly. Like children, the elderly also have different types of disorders, needs, and treatment with adults in general, so the election and giving of drug doses must be adjusted to the age of the elderly.

Psychiatry addiction

This is a subspecialization of psychiatry specifically on the handling of people who suffer one or more psychiatric disorders regarding addiction problems. For example, addiction to drugs or alcoholic drinks.

When does someone need to go to a psychiatrist? No need to wait until a heavy mental disorder happens to consult a psychiatrist. Mental and psychological health problems should also be handled and diagnosed early so that the patient's condition can be treated before complications.

Health conditions that can be treated with psychiatrists

Many mental health problems can be treated effectively after the patient comes to a psychiatrist. Mental health conditions that might be diagnosed and treated by psychiatrists include:

  • Depression
  • Anxiety disorder
  • Fobia
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders (PTSD)
  • Personality disorder
  • Skizofernia and Paranoid
  • Mood disorders, like bipolar disorders
  • Eating disorders, such as anorexia and bulimia
  • Insomnia
  • Addicted to drugs or alcoholic drinks

There are many maintenance methods used by psychiatrists to help cure psychiatric problems of patients, such as psychotherapy, drug therapy, psychosocial intervention, and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). This therapeutic goal is to eliminate or control the symptoms that disturb the patient. Psychotherapy usually requires several sessions for one to two weeks, or even more, depending on the level of the patient's venture problems.

In addition, drug therapy is also commonly used by psychiatrists to help improve chemical imbalances in the brain which are considered one of the causes of one's mental disorder. The success of treatment of psychiatric disorders depends on the patient's commitment, also the collaboration between psychiatrists, patients, and the family. Families and people closest to patients need to be patient because generally, the treatment of mental disorders takes time.

Psychiatry science is very important in dealing with mental, emotional, and behavioral health problems. If you feel a complaint that affects your mental health, don't hesitate to consult a psychiatrist. Before going to a psychiatrist, it's a good idea to consult a general practitioner first. If a consultation is needed with a psychiatrist, you will be referred to a psychiatrist with special expertise according to the interference you experience.

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