Uterine Infection Must be Treated Immediately

Uterine or endometritis infection is inflammation of the uterine wall which is generally caused by infection. Uterine infections need to be treated immediately to avoid the possibility of complications in the form of infertility aka barren.

postpartum endometritis

Uterine infections are divided into two, namely endometritis related to pregnancy and endometritis regarding the pelvic inflammatory disease. The risk of women has increased uterine infections after undergoing gynecological procedures, such as curettes and IUD (birth control spiral), experiencing miscarriages, or giving birth through cesarean section.

Causes of uterine infection

Endometritis is generally caused by bacterial infections that enter the uterus. Things that can cause uterine infections are:

  • Sexually transmitted infections (IMS), such as Chlamydia and Gonorrhea.
  • Tuberculosis outside the lungs.
  • The spread of germs from the vagina.
  • Endometrial biopsy or medical procedures to take network samples from the uterine layer.
  • The rest of the network after the labor process or miscarriage in the uterus.
  • Amniotic infection.
  • Premature rupture of membranes and old labor.

The risk of experiencing uterine infections will increase if:

  • Just a miscarriage or just giving birth, especially if giving birth through a cesarean section.
  • Undergo a medical procedure that involves inserting a device from the mouth of the uterus to the uterus. It can create an entrance for bacteria. For example hysteroscopy, the installation of spiral contraception, and dilatation and curettage.
  • Suffering from anemia.
  • Giving birth at non-sterile health facilities.
  • Having a weak immune system, for example, because of HIV infection or the use of drugs suppressing immune systems.

Symptoms and signs of uterine infection

Uterine infections can pose a variety of symptoms. Here are various symptoms and signs of uterine infections that might occur:

  • Feel unwell.
  • Fever.
  • Pain on the lower abdomen and pelvis.
  • Stomach swells.
  • Bleeding is not normal on the vagina (outside of menstruation time).
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge accompanied by odor.
  • Pain when having sex or urination.
  • Feeling uncomfortable when defecating, including experiencing constipation.

Diagnosis of uterine infection

A general physical examination and pelvis will be carried out by a doctor to ensure the diagnosis of uterine infections. Some of these additional tests are also needed to ensure the diagnosis of endometritis, namely:

  • Examination of liquid coming out of the vagina.
  • Urine tests and complete blood tests also need to be done to calculate the number of white blood cells and also the rate of blood deposits.
  • Tests on bacteria that might cause chlamydia or gonorrhea infections.
  • Radiological examination such as CT scan and pelvic ultrasound.
  • Take tissue samples from the uterine wall or uterine wall biopsy.
  • Laparoscopy.

How to treat uterine infections

Uterine infections are generally treated with antibiotics, and to prevent complications. Be sure to spend antibiotics prescribed by a doctor. If your general condition is weak and the uterine infection that occurs is quite serious, especially what happens after the process of giving birth, you need to be hospitalized. Treatment in hospitals includes giving fluids and drugs through infusion and rest. Pairs also need to get treatment if uterine infections are caused by sexually transmitted diseases.

If the uterine infection is not immediately addressed, it risks complications, including:

  • The occurrence of infertility or infertility.
  • The appearance of pus or abscess in the pelvis or uterus.
  • Experiencing pelvic infections and abdominal cavity (peritonitis).
  • Sepsis or blood infection.
  • The septic shock causes very low blood pressure. This condition can be fatal and requires emergency handling in the hospital.

Prevention of uterine infection

To reduce the risk of experiencing uterine infections because of the labor process or because of undergoing gynecological procedures, you can ensure equipment and techniques carried out remain sterile. You will also be prescribed antibiotics before undergoing a cesarean section.

Whereas to avoid uterine infections caused by sexually transmitted infections, you can practice safe sexual relations, for example by using condoms. If you are suffering from sexually transmitted infections, make sure to follow the recommendations of care and take drugs that have been prescribed by the doctor.

Immediately consult a doctor if you experience symptoms of uterine infection to avoid dangerous complications, especially if these symptoms occur after giving birth, experience a miscarriage, do curettage, after the installation of KB spiral, and undergo surgery on the pelvis and uterus.

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