Prevent Dehydration When Affected by Dengue Fever

Prevent Dehydration When Affected by Dengue Fever

The rainy season not only makes you easily attacked by flu, but also at risk of experiencing serious illnesses such as dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF). If it is not immediately addressed, this disease can cause dehydration and other dangerous conditions.

Prevent Dehydration When Affected by Dengue Fever

Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever is a disease transmitted by female mosquitoes, generally Aedes Aegypti infected with the dengue virus, which bits humans. In the rainy season, the mosquito population, including Aedes Aegypti mosquitoes causing DHF also increased. The rainy season, especially in the tropics, is the perfect habitat for mosquitoes to reproduce. From the results of the study, it was found that the dengue deployment of mosquitoes to humans generally occurred in the rainy season.

People who have dengue fever usually experience high fever suddenly accompanied by a minimum of two symptoms, such as headaches, muscle pain and joint pain, pain behind the eyeball, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, to a reddish rash on the skin like smallpox water. These symptoms generally appear 4 to 10 days after mosquito bites.

In addition, other symptoms of dengue hemorrhagic fever are leakage of blood fluids, hematuria, and gastrointestinal bleeding. This condition can occur after the fever appears or within 24 hours before. These symptoms can even be accompanied by a decrease in the level of consciousness, and febrile seizures in children.

The severity of the DHF symptoms can vary in everyone. However, if it is not immediately handled properly, these symptoms can change to be more serious such as dengue shock syndrome, the work failure of organs, even to death.

Prevent dehydration

One of the main conditions that should be watched out related to DHF is a dehydration that occurs due to vomiting, high fever, loss of appetite, and blood liquid leakage. In certain cases that are very severe, research finds a reduced volume of blood fluid on sufferers of DHF to more than 20%.

The most effective and fast way to restore the loss of blood fluid due to leakage and prevent dehydration is to provide fluids containing Ions as usual given in diarrhea patients. This liquid is recommended more than mineral water, because ordinary water cannot return missing ions from the body. In addition, the provision of fluids containing ions will also help prevent blood clots in blood vessels.

The amount of fluid containing ions that need to be given is more or less equivalent to the need for daily fluids plus the amount of fluid lost from the body. Be sure to consult a doctor about the amount of fluid containing ions that must be consumed according to the needs and conditions of the body.

Infusion fluid until blood transfusion will sometimes also need to be given to patients, especially those who cannot consume fluids from the mouth and show symptoms of severe dehydration such as: low blood pressure, cold skin or spots, tachycardia or abnormal heartbeat, rising red blood cells, and reduced urine volume.

In addition to the prevention of dehydration, administration of anti-fever drugs, supervision of platelets and hematocrit, and to be aware of signs of bleeding into important keys to the treatment of dengue fever. With the right treatment and meet the needs of body fluids and body ion balance, DHF patients can immediately recover and return to the move.

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