Retina Ablation

Retina Ablation

Retinal ablation is an eye disease due to the release of a thin layer in the eyes called the retina. This condition is classified as an emergency and can cause permanent blindness if it is not immediately addressed.

Retina Ablation

Retina Eyes are an important part that functions to process the light captured by the eye. After being arrested, the light is converted into an electrical signal and is forwarded to the brain. This signal is then processed in the brain and interpreted as a picture seen by the eye.

If the retina is released from its position, of course, vision will be disrupted. This visual disorder can occur in part or completely, depending on how much the retinal part is released. Retinal ablation can occur in anyone, especially those aged 50 years and over.

Symptoms of retinal ablation

Retina or ablation of retinal ablation does not cause pain. The loss of vision can occur suddenly, or preceded by some symptoms below:

  • A black spot appeared that looked floating in the vision (floaters).
  • Blurred vision or covered by shadows like curtains.
  • Field views narrow.
  • Light flashes in vision (photopsia).

Causes of Retina Ablation

Retinal ablation occurs when retinal eyes regardless of blood vessels that distribute oxygen and nutrients. The following are 3 conditions that can cause the retina regardless:

  • There is a small tear in the retina. This tear makes the liquid in the middle of the eyeball (vitreous fluid) seeps in and accumulates behind the retina. The accumulated liquid will make the whole layer of the retina regardless of basically. In general, tears in the retina of the eye occur due to changing networks as they age. People with minus eyes (nearsighted) or who have undergone cataract surgery are also at risk of tearing in the retina.
  • The stack of vitreous fluid without being accompanied by a rip of the retina. This condition can be caused by injury, tumor, inflammation, and macular degeneration disease.
  • Formed scar tissue on the surface of the retina. This condition makes the retina interested and released. This condition is often found in diabetics with uncontrolled blood sugar.

Retinal Risk Factors

Many factors increase the risk of a person in retinal ablation, among others:

  • Over 50 years old.
  • Already experienced retinal ablation.
  • Have family members with the same disease.
  • Ever suffered a severe injury to the eye.
  • Having severe starch (myopia).
  • Ever underwent eye surgery, for example, cataract surgery.
  • Ever suffered from eye diseases, such as inflammation in the middle layer of the eye (uveitis).

Diagnosis of retina ablation

To determine the diagnosis of retinal ablation, an ophthalmologist or an ophthalmologist Vitreo-Retina will conduct ophthalmoscopy with a special tool to see the inside of the eye. If ophthalmoscopy cannot observe the condition of the retina, for example, due to bleeding in the eye, the doctor will do an ultrasound.

Retina ablation treatment

Treatment for retinal ablation varies, depending on the patient's condition. If Retina is torn or hollow but has not been released, an ophthalmologist can apply some of the following actions to improve the vision and prevent the retina regardless:

  • Crypection. This procedure is done by freezing tears in the retina so that the retina is still attached to the eyes.
  • Laser (photocoagulation) therapy. The laser beam will burn the tissue around the retinal tear. Lasers will also help retina sticking.

If the retina is released, the doctor will overcome it with surgery or surgery. The type of operation is carried out depends on the severity of the patient's condition. The operation includes:

  • Pneumatic retinopexy. This procedure is done by injecting a gas bubble into the eye, which will press the retina back to its normal position. This procedure is selected if the retina part is removed only a little.
  • Vitrectomy. In a vitrectomy, doctors will issue vitreous fluids and interesting networks of the retina. Then, the gas or silicon bubble will be injected into the eye to hold the retina in its position. Over time, gas bubbles will be replaced naturally by body fluids.
  • Scleral buckling. In this procedure, the doctor will put silicone from the outer side of the white part of the eye (sclera). This silicon will bring the walls of the eyeball closer to the retina, so the retina returns to its position. If the release of the retina is very severe, silicon will be installed in an eye permanently. Even so, silicon will not hinder vision.

Retina's ablation prevention

Retina ablation is not always preventable. However, the risk of retinal ablation can be reduced through the following steps:

  • Immediately check with an ophthalmologist when the floaters appear, flashes of light, or any changes in the field of view.
  • Routinely check your eyes at least once every year. The examination must be done more often if you suffer from diabetes.
  • Routinely controls sugar levels and blood pressure, so that the condition of the retinal blood vessel remains healthy.
  • Use eye protection while exercising or when carrying out activities that are at risk of injuring the eye.

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